Scientific and Technical Substantiation of the Bypass Roads Arrangement Around Populated Localities by Monitoring the Traffic Flow Intensity
Inna Bislanovna Akhunova1, Asker Zaurbievich Ujukhu2, Galina Aleksandrovna Guk3, Valentina Victorovna Artamonova4, Yuri Konstantinovich Kastidi5

1Inna Bislanovna Akhunova, Maikop State Technological University, Maikop, Russia.
2Asker Zaurbievich Ujukhu, Maikop State Technological University, Maikop, Russia.
3Galina Aleksandrovna Guk, Maikop State Technological University, Maikop, Russia.
4Valentina Victorovna Artamonova, Maikop State Technological University, Maikop, Russia.
5Yuri Konstantinovich Kastidi, Kuban State Agrarian University I.T. Trubilin, Krasnodar, Russia.

Manuscript received on 01 May 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 15 May 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 May 2019 | PP: 2307-2310 | Volume-8 Issue-7, May 2019 | Retrieval Number: G5952058719/19©BEIESP
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Abstract: The article substantiates traffic organization of transit road transport bypassing the populated locality by redistribution of traffic flows considering the transport characteristic of the Republic of Adygea, as well as assesses transport infrastructure for effective use of transport corridors in order to fully integrate into the transport network of the South of Russia. The main station of the load area is the city of Maikop, and a section of the Caucasian Federal Highway (approach road to the city of Maikop) to the intersection with Maikop – Ust-Labinsk – Korenovsk highway. The analysis of traffic intensity was carried out for three categories of vehicles. The constructed traffic flow distribution chart in the connections and intersections of city roads and streets allowed revealing the dynamics of changes in the number of road transport in the urban road network. Given the intensity of car and truck traffics in the city main street, it was proposed to build a bypass road around the city. The preliminary monitoring of traffic flows at the approach roads and town exits served an optimization solution to arrange bypass roads around populated localities. This proposal was based on the study of the intensity of transit passenger and freight transport towards the Caucasian Federal Highway through the housing space of the city of Maikop. According to the undertaken study of traffic intensity by mode of transport on linear sections and at transport nodes, a traffic flow chart was built that allowed determining the intensity of traffic flows by individual aggregated links on the road and street sections, as well as on adjacent roads.
Keyword: Autoroad, City bypass, Road Construction, Road Network, Road Safety, the Incidence of Road Accidents, Traffic Flow Intensity, Transit Transport.
Scope of the Article: Health Monitoring and Life Prediction of Structures.