Utilization of Flue Gas from Coal Burning Power Plant for Microalgae Cultivation for Biofuel Production
Mahendra Perumal Guruvaiah1, Keesoo Lee2
1Dr. G. Mahendra Perumal, Senior Scientist, Sardar Patel Renewable Energy Research Institute, Vallabh Vidyanagar Anand (Gujarat), India.
2Prof. Keesoo Lee, Director, Bioenergy Research Center, Department of Life and Physical Sciences, Lincoln University, Jefferson City, Missouri USA.
Manuscript received on 11 January 2014 | Revised Manuscript received on 20 January 2014 | Manuscript Published on 30 January 2014 | PP: 7-10 | Volume-3 Issue-8, January 2014 | Retrieval Number: H1424013814/14©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Microalgae have high photosynthetic efficiency that can fix CO2 from the flue gas directly without any upstream CO2 separation, and along with produce biomass for biofuels application and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Microalgae studies were conducted in a batch mode experiments at Power plant, Jefferson city, Missouri, USA. The experiments were conducted in different period (May to October, 2011) of time. The genus Scenedesmus sp was isolated from power plant habitat and used for this experiments and then comparative study done by flue gas ponds vs non flue gas treatment ponds. The microalga was cultured with different simulated flue gases containing 1% – 4% (volume fraction) of CO2. The results show that Scenedesmus sp were grown very efficient at 2% CO2 content. The maximal biomass productivity and lipid productivity were obtained when aerating with 2% of CO2. The lipids content ranged from 10 to 18 % of dry mass of biomass. Scenedesmus sp has a great potential for CO2 mitigation, environmental tolerance and biodiesel production.
Keywords: Biomass, CO2 Sequestration, Microalgae, Lipids.
Scope of the Article: Production