Effects of Oil Contamination on Geotechnical Properties of Alluvial Soil Naini, Allahabad
Annu Pandey1, Y.K.Bind2
1Ms. Annu Pandey, M.Tech Student, Geotech Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, SHIATS, Allahabad Formerly Known As AAI-DU India.
2Mr. Y. K. Bind, Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, SHIATS, Allahabad Formerly Known As AAI-DU India.
Manuscript received on 11 January 2014 | Revised Manuscript received on 20 January 2014 | Manuscript Published on 30 January 2014 | PP: 39-42 | Volume-3 Issue-8, January 2014 | Retrieval Number: H1433013814/14©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Soil contamination by engine oil basically takes place due to spilling from vehicles or discarding of used engine oil in areas near garages or service stations. This contamination causes huge damage to the environment. The hydrocarbons present in the oil influences the quality and physical properties of oil contaminated soil. These hydrocarbons infiltrate into the soil through pore spaces and collect at the top of the ground level. A fraction of this hydrocarbon gets trapped and clog within pore space, which is cumbersome to remove and costly to clean .Some major tasks need to be performed for remediation and reclamation of contaminated area .Also, in connection with the clean-up works, and for any possible application of contaminated soil, a knowledge of the geotechnical properties and behavior of contaminated soils is required. This study aimed to investigate the compaction characteristics of engine oil-contaminated alluvial soil. The amount of oil added to soil was varied at 0%,4%,8% and 12% of the dried weight of samples. Results showed that the oil contamination decreased the liquid limit , plastic limit and shrinkage limits. The compaction characteristics were also affected to a great extent. The MDD value was found to be decreasing as a result of increasing amount of added engine oil into the soil. A similar behavior was observed with the value of OMC with increasing engine oil content, which means that the addition of oil has adverse effects to the geotechnical properties of the studied soil. Contaminated residual soils might be used for geotechnical purposes and these results will be used for geotechnical purposes and will benefit engineers or researchers in recycling or re-using of contaminated soils.
Keywords: Hydrocarbons, Oil Contaminated Soil, Petroleum Products, Remediation, Reclamation.
Scope of the Article: Soil-Structure Interaction