Quality Assessment of Fruits and Vegetables using Bio-impedance based Expert System
Sruthi S1, Rasika Dhavse2, Jignesh N. Sarvaiya3
1Sruthi S.*, Department of Electronics Engineering, Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat, Gujarat, India.
2Dr. Rasika Dhavse, Associate Professor, Department of Electronics Engineering, Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat, Gujarat, India.
3Dr. Jignesh N. Sarvaiya, Associate Professor, Department of Electronics Engineering, Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat, Gujarat, India.
Manuscript received on May 16, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on May 23, 2020. | Manuscript published on June 10, 2020. | PP: 965-970 | Volume-9 Issue-8, June 2020. | Retrieval Number: H6753069820/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.H6735.069820
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: World Health Organization (WHO) recommends a daily intake of at least 400 grams of fruits and vegetables, to prevent diet related chronic diseases and micronutrient deficiencies. It is essential to ensure the quality of foods consumed by the population on a daily basis. Quality of fruits and vegetables is governed by nutritional level, appearance, flavor and climate. Quality assessment methods should be environment friendly and should also benefit both consumers and farmers by enhancing taste and increasing yield, respectively. Conventionally employed quality assessment methods like bio-chemical analysis, imaging etc. are destructive, inefficient and time consuming. Bio-tissues are made up of cells with selectively permeable cell membranes and this makes them equivalent to resistive-capacitive network. Such a network impedes an alternating current (AC) excitation signal applied to it. This bio-impedance (BI) is measured through LCR meters, impedance analysers and off-the shelf chip based boards. In this work we have developed an accurate, smart and non destructive bio-impedance based quality evaluation technique. BI is measured as magnitude and phase for 7 days for each variety of fruit and vegetable followed by exhaustive frequency (5 kHz-200 kHz), ripening and rot analysis. BI magnitude increases as number of days advance i.e. with ripening and the phase undergoes considerable decrease with rotting. The system is made smart by incorporating an expert system. 178 samples of bio-impedance data are used to train the expert system and supervised classification is done through Random Forest classifier. Any fruit or vegetable can be classified as ’Good’ or ’Bad’ immediately and accurately with a maximum accuracy of 98.57%.
Keywords: Bio-impedance, Expert System, Impedance Analysers, LCR Meter, Quality Assessment, Random Forest.
Scope of the Article: Bio-Science and Bio-Technology