The Principles of Risk Assessment for Building Steel Structures with Imperfections
Sergiy Kolesnichenko , Associate Professor. He is working as Associate Professor at Civil Engineering Department, Donbas National Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Ukraine.
Manuscript received on 02 June 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 10 June 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 June 2019 | PP: 2735-2739 | Volume-8 Issue-8, June 2019 | Retrieval Number: H6939068819/19©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Modern concept of complex engineering system operation which the building structures are, assume the transition from the concept of “absolute safety” to the “acceptable risk”. The new task of structural safety appears – the studying of possi-bility of initial design parameters’ changing which could transform during the structure’s service life to the hazards – the determination of risk for future structural safety.The article is dedicated to problem of assessment the safety for steel structures’ services when defined and hypothetically non-defined imperfections presents. The applicability of this investigations based on the results of earlier research. The different groups of hazards for risk identification have defined.For constructional safety the defects and deteriorations (DDs) were defined as most important hazard events. There were found two cases for risk assessment: the case А: theimperfectionshavefoundanddefinedinrelativezones, and the caseB: theimperfectionshavenot found. But, based on the design calculations (number of load cycles, for example), its presence quite possible.Taking in the consideration the results of steel structures’ technical inspections and history of structure’s life service, the principles of risk assessment as probability of different ratios of detected and non-detected imperfections realizations have proposed. A few possible cases with detected and nondirected imperfections with its critical parameters have examined.Proposed principles of risk assessment for future safety steel structures’ service with defined and non-defined imperfections could correct the results of technical investigations for determinations of the residual life and the time range that were previously determined between these investigations. Appears the real possibility to realize the risk management system by the means of additional analysis after the renovation works and regular investigations.
Keyword: Destruction, Imperfections, Risk,steel structures, technical investigation, technical state.
Scope of the Article: Energy Saving Building Materials