Delay Research at Three-Legged and Four-Legged Signalized Intersection on Urban Arterial
Praveen Kumar1, Deepak Juneja2

1Praveen Kumar, M-Tech Scholar, Transportation Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering at Chandigarh University. India.
2Deepak Juneja, Professor in the Department of Civil Engineering at Chandigarh University. India.

Manuscript received on 02 June 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 10 June 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 June 2019 | PP: 1374-1377 | Volume-8 Issue-8, June 2019 | Retrieval Number: H7101068819/19©BEIESP
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Abstract: Delay is an essential parameter that comes into the consideration during, optimization of traffic signal timings and the calculation of the level of service at signalized intersection. It is most communal problem now a days, which needs to be minimized. Signalized intersection of Chandigarh city and Chennai have taken into consideration. However, delay is also a measure that is difficult to estimate, But the delay components can be measured by hand and investigate the speed profiles or derived time-space diagrams, categorizing when vehicles start to decelerate or stop. In addition, a physical identification process may be stimulating and time consuming when handling a huge network or numerous runs. Therefore, we have used software ‘traffic data extractor’ for the data extraction which gives more precise readings than manually. As there are several methods currently available to estimate the delays incurred at intersection approaches. This paper discourses this issue by comparing the delays that are assessed by a number of existing delay models for a signalized intersection approach controlled in fixed time, the more emphasis is laid over the vehicle trajectory or the lane changing behavior of a personnel which leads to delay, at times the delays are also incurred by right turning traffic at Intersection. The main objectives of this paper are to minimize delay, to define particular lane of right turning traffic and to increase the level of service, n numbers of readings have been taken from traffic data extractor. Therefore, after analysis we have concluded that there are many factors which leads to delay, for instance, acceleration delay, deacceleration delay, stopped time delay etc. But delays due to lane changing behavior and delays due to right turning traffic at intersections, can be minimized and a brief study has been done on above two.
Keyword: Signalized Intersection, Vehicle Trajectory, Delay Minimization, Vehicle Behavior and Total Delay.
Scope of the Article: Operational Research.