Evaluation of Traffic Congestion and Level of Service at Major Intersections in Lefkoşa, Northern Cyprus
Hüseyin Gökçekuş1, Youssef Kassem2, Gazi Tallawi3

1Hüseyin Gökçekuş, Department of Civil Engineering, Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty, Near East University, 99138 Nicosia (via Mersin 10, Turkey), Cyprus.
2Youssef Kassem, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Near East University, 99138 Nicosia (via Mersin 10, Turkey).
3Gazi Tallawi, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Near East University, 99138 Nicosia (via Mersin 10, Turkey).
Manuscript received on 01 June 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 05 June 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 June 2019 | PP: 2150-2155 | Volume-8 Issue-8, June 2019 | Retrieval Number: H7111068819/19©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Among the problems, facing urban areas at the level of arterial roads is the high volume of traffic volumes, which lead to difficulties in operating traffic and thus the emergence of so-called congestion or traffic congestion. Through this study, we have collected spatial data on traffic volumes using the peak hour imaging method, and by applying the service level scale, which is a real indicator of congestion, as well as the SIDRA software as a tool for accurate assessment of road intersections, Roads and intersections are the mirrors of civilization in any country. The quality, the number of roads, and the flow of traffic at intersections measure the development in countries. The intersection is defined as the area resulting from the confluence of two or more roads with each other used to facilitate changes in traffic direction. In this study, Level of Service (LOS) and Measures of Effectiveness (MOEs) of the three major intersections in Lefkoşa, Northern Cyprus was evaluated using SIDRA software. The proposed intersections could be used as a viable alternative to cut down vehicular emissions, making intersections more environmentally friendly and reducing traffic issues. It is found that It is observed that Çangar roundabout has the highest number of vehicles passing it compared to other roundabout and intersection. Moreover, the results indicate that It is noticed that the fuel consumptions have reduced rapidly with an average percentage of about 75% for all roundabouts. Overall, it can be concluded that the possible solutions can be used to solve the traffic congestion in Lefkoşa, Northern Cyprus . .
Keywords: Level of Service (LOS); Measures of Effectiveness (MOEs), SIDRA Software, Traffic Congestion.

Scope of the Article: Service Level Agreements (Drafting, Negotiation, Monitoring and Management)