Evaluation of the Impact of Sustainable Transportation Alternatives on Environment Using Fuzzy PROMETHEE Method
Hüseyin Gökçekuş1, Dilber Uzun Ozsahin2, Dania Al-Othman3
1Hüseyin Gökçekuş, Professor, Faculty of Civil and Environment Engineering, Near East University, Nicosia, North Cyprus, Via Mersin 10, Turkey.
2Dilber Uzun Ozsahin, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Near East University Nicosia, North Cyprus, Via Mersin 10, Turkey. Gordon Center for Medical Imaging, Radiology Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School Boston, U.S.A.
3Dania AL-Othman, PhD. Student, Faculty of Civil and Environment Engineering, Near East University, Nicosia, North Cyprus, Via Mersin 10, Turkey.
Manuscript received on 07 June 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 13 June 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 June 2019 | PP: 2354-2359 | Volume-8 Issue-8, June 2019 | Retrieval Number: H7230068819/19©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Due to the increasing global population as well as quick expansion, transportation requirement has increased respectively. Presently, the demand for establishing conveyance technologies and infrastructural systems targeted at meeting this growing need is currently crucial. Following the Industrial Revolution, the number of private vehicles has escalated regardless of the lack of infrastructural capacity, in which the traffic issues are now being tackled. Moreover, expansion can be viewed as an approach for sustainability, as well as a quality of life with reduced waste, fewer resource utilization, a smaller amount of carbonated gases, and further energy proficiency. In urban regions and surrounding areas, traffic emissions and their pollutants are considered to be a disturbing matter due to their association among the total death increase, lung cancer hazard and deteriorating of respirational well-being. In order to resolve the aforementioned issues, conveyance technologies require enhancement, which also includes promoting the utilization of sustainable transportation like walking/cycling and encouraging authorities and representatives to progress compulsory regulations to perform such sustainable transportations. The following research objective is to integrate the theory of multi-criteria decision making method within green transport as well as enhancing traveling by means of public commute, bicycles and walking. Moreover, this research works towards assessing and comparing the more conventional sustainable transport substitutes by utilizing multi-criteria decision methodology. Fuzzy PROMETHEE is the decision-making methodology implemented within the study.
Keywords: Sustainable Transportation Alternatives; PROMETHEE; Multi-Criteria Decision Making; Fuzzy PROMETHEE (F- PROMETHEE).
Scope of the Article: Environmental Engineering