Profiling E-Leadership Practices using Mobile Technology among School Leaders in Malaysia
Mohd Yusri Ibrahim1, Zurita Othman2
1Mohd Yusri Ibrahim, Centre for Fundamental and Liberal Education, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia.
2Zurita Othman, Unit of Sciences and Mathematics, Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Padang Kemunting, Terengganu, Malaysia.
Manuscript received on 02 June 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 10 June 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 June 2019 | PP: 2894-2899 | Volume-8 Issue-8, June 2019 | Retrieval Number: H7275068819/19©BEIESP
Open Access | Ethics and Policies | Cite | Mendeley | Indexing and Abstracting
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: In line with the 4th Industrial Revolution, organizational leaders were suggested to practice e-leadership using mobile technology. This digital-based leadership enables organizational leaders to conduct a dynamic leadership functions at various places and times, despite being away from their employees. Despite being equipped with a variety of ICT facilities including mobile gadgets, there are still organization leaders who not interested in practicing of e-leadership, rather than adopting a conventional leadership style that is face-to-face with employees. This study was conducted to develop a profile of e-leadership practices among school leaders in Malaysia. Four main constructs of e-leadership ie online interaction, file sharing, online meeting and planner sharing are reviewed by demographic factors such as school area, school level, gender, position, academic qualification, working experience and teaching area. A total of 1033 school leaders at various levels in Malaysia were studied through questionnaires, while the data were analyzed statistically. Findings shows that e-leadership practices among school leaders differ according to their demographic factors such as school area, school level, gender, position, academic qualification and working experience. It is recommended to the responsible parties to use the findings of this study to encourage the use of mobile technology among school leaders, in order to carry out their leadership functions. The findings of this study also can be used to improve training, encouragement, campaigning, appreciation and recognition of school leaders.
Keyword: E-leadership, Digital leadership, educational leadership, Mobile technology.
Scope of the Article: Mobile and Ubiquitous Networking.