Performance Enhancement of OFDM System using Hybrid Channel Estimation with Pseudo Pilot
Mamta Arora1, Paras Chawla2

1Mamta Arora, Department of ECE, Chandigarh University, Gharuan (Mohali), India.

2Paras Chawla, Department of ECE, Chandigarh University, Gharuan (Mohali), India.

Manuscript received on 09 August 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 17 August 2019 | Manuscript Published on 26 August 2019 | PP: 121-126 | Volume-8 Issue-9S August 2019 | Retrieval Number: I10190789S19/19©BEIESP DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.I1019.0789S19

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Abstract: For high spectral efficiency and robustness against intersymbol interference (ISI), orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) is the best suited technology for many applications such as digital audio broadcasting (DAB), wireless networks, digital video broadcasting (DVB) and LAN. For efficient recovery of the original transmitted signal we require the coherent demodulator as the frequency selective fading channels affects the transmitted signal in OFDM. At the receiver end for coherent demodulation we require channel state information (CSI), which is done by channel estimation. To find the channel characteristics which varies with time and frequency, a reference signal is transmitted with payload signal know as pilot or training sequence and technique or process is known as channel estimation. The use of pilots in the OFDM system leads to pilots overhead. So we propose a new technique which will reduces the transmission delay, reduce pilot overhead, increases transmission rate and improves the BER performance without any computational complexity, which is implemented using the Hybrid algorithm for channel based OFDM system. In this proposed technique, for the channel estimation in OFDM system over AWGN fading channel pseudo-pilots are used. At the transmitter end, pseudo-pilots are employed to breed bank of pseudo random symbol (PRS). In this OFDM system with pseudo-pilot the channel estimation is done by the Hybrid (LS + RLS) estimation approach to recover the original transmitted information. The performance of the proposed techniques and the weighted scheme are compared and verified using computerized simulation carried out using Matrix Laboratory (MATLAB) software.

Keywords: OFDM, Pseudo-Pilots, Least Square (LS), Recursive Least Square (RLS).
Scope of the Article: Security Service Systems