Influence of Frequency Ratio on the Hydroelastic Response of a Cylinder with Degrees of Freedom under Vortex Induced Vibration
Vidya Chandran1, M Sekar2, Sheeja Janardhanan3

1Vidya Chandran, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Karunya Institute of Technology and sciences, Coimbatore, India.

2M Sekar, Department of Mechanical Engineering, AAA College of Engineering and Technology, Sivakasi, India.

3Sheeja Janardhanan, Department of Mechanical Engineering, SCMS School of Engineering and Technology, Ernakulum, India.

Manuscript received on 02 July 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 16 July 2019 | Manuscript Published on 23 August 2019 | PP: 307-312 | Volume-8 Issue-9S3 August 2019 | Retrieval Number: I30570789S319/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.I3057.0789S319

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Abstract: Vortex induced vibration of cylindrical structures is an extensively researched topic. Most of the studies have concentrated on the response of the cylinder in the cross flow (CF) direction. In a realistic ocean environment, structures such as drilling and marine risers are more or less free to vibrate both in CF and in line (IL) directions. It has also been observed that the IL vibrations have significant influence on the CF response. Interaction between the responses in inline and cross flow directions has still been not fully understood. This paper addresses the same through a simplified numerical method for understanding the interaction between these two responses using two dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations. Here analyzes two cases have been considered; where in the cylinder is modeled with two different values of ratio of natural frequency of the cylinder in the IL direction to that in the CF direction. The trends of variation of hydrodynamic and structural parameters have been analyzed to comprehend the effect of directional natural frequency ratio on the cylinder response and hydrodynamic force coefficients. The shedding pattern has also been studied in this paper. An increase by 18% in the value of the lift coefficient and 38 % of that in the drag coefficient has been observed when the frequency ratio is increased from 1 to 2. The results show that the cylinder with frequency ratio 2 is more prone to lock in vibration. This phenomenon may be related to the shifting of shedding pattern from 2S to P + S mode when the frequency ratio is 2.

Keywords: CFD, cross flow vibration, hydroelastic response, inline vibration, vortex induced vibration.
Scope of the Article: Marine Engineering