Production and Utilization of Useful Fuel from Waste Cooking Oil and Waste Lubrication Oil: Performance and Emission-Quality in a Naturally Aspirated Diesel Engine
Ghaleppa B1, Suraj N Hiremath2, Rana Pratapreddy3
1Ghaleppa B*, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Global Academy of Technology, Bengaluru, India.
2Suraj N Hiremath, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Global Academy of Technology, Bengaluru, India.
3Dr. Rana Pratapreddy, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Global Academy of Technology, Bengaluru, India.
Manuscript received on June 12, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on June 25, 2020. | Manuscript published on July 10, 2020. | PP: 79-84 | Volume-9 Issue-9, July 2020 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijitee.I6914079920 | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.I6914.079920
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Abstract: Increase in the demand for the alternative fuel for diesel engine as led to quest for feasible fuel with competitive cost and environmental friendly compared to petrolium fuel. This article deals on waste energy recovery. The aim of this experimental work is to find an attractive alternative fuel for the diesel engine by harnessing fuel from waste disposed oils. Waste Cooking Oil (WCO) and Waste Lubrication Oil (WLO) energy sources are used for fuel production. Collected WCO stored in a container, mixed and cleansed by removing solidified fats and other food leftovers before the transesterification. The acid followed by base catalyst transesterification processes carried out for biodiesel production. The WLO oil cannot be used directly in diesel engine and hence it is processed to be used like DLF using pyrolitic vacuum distillation method. The characteristics test such as flash point, fire point, density; viscosity and calorific value of the produced biodiesel, DLF, B10, B20, B30 and B40 were determined & compared with standards. Performance and Emission characteristics conducted in a single cylinder, free aspirated, water- cooled computerized diesel engine setup and results discussed. Results outcome shows that B30 exhibits the similar performance as pure diesel. The results show an improvement in brake specific fuel consumption, thermal efficiency. The unburned hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide emissions less but increase in the NOx.
Keywords: Waste Cooking Oil, Transesterification, Waste Cooking Methyl Esters, Waste Lubrication Oil, Pyrolitic vacuum distillation, Diesel like Fuel, Performance and Emission.
Scope of the Article: Petroleum and Mineral Resources Engineering