Animal Wastes as Thermoplastic Composite Reinforcement Materials for Sustainable Development
A. K. Issa1, M. H. Idris2, M. I. Tikau3

1A.K. Issa, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal Polytechnic, Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria.
2M.H Idris, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal Polytechnic, Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria.
3M.I. Tikau, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal Polytechnic, Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria.
Manuscript received on July 20, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on August 05, 2020. | Manuscript published on August 10, 2020. | PP: 62-66 | Volume-9 Issue-10, August 2020 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijitee.I7124079920 | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.I7124.0891020
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Nowadays solid wastes are becoming serious environmental challenges in Africa and most especially in Nigeria. Many strategies that are employed by local, state and federal government to curb the situation are always sabotaged due to poor altitude to waste management and corruption. Among these solid wastes are animal waste viz: chicken feather, animal horn, hoof, bone and hair (wool), human hair, silk and so on. These wastes contain keratin and collagen which make them viable for reinforcement materials in developing thermoplastic composite apart from their lighter weight, availability and bio degradability. This paper presents review on utilization of animal waste as workable alternative fibre to synthetic fibres which are not recyclable and biodegradable. Furthermore, it provides some important data that can facilitate the usage of these animal fibres in order to achieve both economic and social sustainable development. 
Keywords: Animal fibre, Fibre-reinforced, Mechanical properties, Thermoplastic