Fuel Injector Testing Through Development of a New Test Rig
Sreejyothi R1, D Senthilkumar2

1Sreejyothi R, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Amrita School of Engineering, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore, India
2D Senthilkumar, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Amrita School of Engineering, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore, India

Manuscript received on 25 June 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 05 July 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 July 2019 | PP: 2904-2909 | Volume-8 Issue-9, July 2019 | Retrieval Number: I8802078919/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.I8802.078919

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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: A modified version of fuel injector with higher injection capacity has been developed. To achieve this, the injector plunger diameter is increased to 11mm from current 9.5mm. A new test rig is developed to understand the functioning of the injector due to the changes incorporated. The new test rig is designed to test injector operation without burning the fuel. Since internal combustion is not present an external arrangement is required to run the engine. This is achieved through a 3-phase induction motor, which is coupled with the crankshaft of the engine. The injected fuel is collected form the cylinders and it is then recirculated. A fuel cooling circuit is also incorporated along with the fuel recirculation system to maintain the temperature of fuel at inlet of fuel pump. An oil heating system is installed in the test rig to maintain the viscosity of the oil by heating it. The required systems for driving the engine, fuel cooling and oil heating are implemented as per the design. The test is conducted on a 19 L diesel engine. Parts which are not required for this test like piston, piston rings, intake and exhaust manifold etc are removed from the engine. And the cylinder liner is blocked from below using a plate to facilitate the collection of injected fuel. Engine is made to run using the motoring rig at the rated speed of 1500 rpm for a duration of 250 hours. Instrumented push tubes are used to measure the push tube load. Push tube load is observed to be in the range of 2700 to 3100 lbf, which is high as compared to the earlier model of the injector. Fuel injection rate is obtained from the fuel collected from the cylinders. And the average fuel injection rate is observed as 0.116 to 2.35 kg/min. Thus, the increase in plunger diameter has led to an increase in fuel injection rate.
Index Terms: Fuel Injector Testing, Motoring Rig, Oil Heating System, Fuel Cooling Circuit.

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