Feasibility of Storing Lightning Energy Being Discharged through a Lightning Arrester by a Capacitor
Komivi Démocrite Koudoufio1, Anand Mohan Sharma2, Gopal Singh3

1Komivi Démocrite Koudoufio *, Department of Electrical Engineering, Alakh Prakash Goyal Shimla University, Shimla, India.
2Anand Mohan Sharma, Department of Electrical Engineering, Alakh Prakash Goyal Shimla University, Shimla, India.
3Gopal Singh, Department of Electrical Engineering, Alakh Prakash Goyal Shimla University, Shimla, India.
Manuscript received on July 11, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on July 20, 2020. | Manuscript published on August 10, 2020. | PP: 46-49 | Volume-9 Issue-10, August 2020 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijitee.J73880891020 | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.J7388.0891020
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Abstract: Lightning phenomenon over the years has been subject of debate of scientists as well as that of people. For some, it is the manifestation of their deities, and, for others it is nothing but a simple display of colors along with fearsome sounds with a destructive power. We know by the work of scientists like Benjamin Franklin (18th century) that it was not what we used to think, and, has some explanations. We now, have understood how the clouds get charged, and how they, in turn, induce charges on the surface of the earth below them. The different types of strokes were also better understood along the way. With the grasp of the real phenomenon, scientists worked out its multiple threats to transmission lines, and therefore, came up with some protective devices to avoid the total catastrophe that could occur should these strokes be left without any preventive measures. Hence, many protective devices came to life with special applications; one of which the lightning arrester. The latter one helps a lot, especially nearby substations by grounding lightning induced energy. We also know that scientists have been discussing the possibility of capturing lightning energy, and, use it to compensate the deficit in energy demand from the world needs in terms of energy. We are using here a capacitor-lightning arrester combination to try and store the lightning-induced energy in transmission lines. We shall carry out this work by making use of the ability of the capacitor while subjected to a surge, and then, find out about the energy it can store by getting charged up. we shall also make use of Smart Draw software for our designs and models. The aim here is to target how we could possibly break the grounds in the mastering of the ever-lost lightning energy to ground. 
Keywords: Lightning phenomenon, Strokes, Multiple threats, Protective devices, lightning arrester, Capturing.