Primary User Protection Contour and No-Talk Zone Characterization for TV Whitespace Spectrum Reuse in Nigeria
Emmanuel A. Ubom1, Victor E. Idigo2, Ubong Ukommi3

1Emmanuel Ubom, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Akwa Ibom State University, Ikot Akpaden, Mkpat Enin, Akwa Ibom, Nigeria.
2Victor Idigo, Department of Electronic and Computer Engineering, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra, Nigeria.
3Ubong Ukommi , Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Akwa Ibom State University, Ikot Akpaden, Mkpat Enin, Akwa Ibom, Nigeria.
Manuscript received on July 10, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on July 18, 2020. | Manuscript published on August 10, 2020. | PP: 174-180 | Volume-9 Issue-10, August 2020 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijitee.J74390891020 | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.J7439.0891020
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Abstract: To encourage secondary spectrum access within the TV broadcast bands in Nigeria, the propagation properties of TV signals on the VHF and UHF frequency ranges were empirically studied through measurements carried from two TV stations. The Pathloss exponent for the VHF band was found to be 1.9 with a characterised Pathloss equation for VHF band computed as 𝑷𝑳 𝒅𝑩 = πŸ–πŸ’. πŸŽπŸ’ + πŸπŸ—. πŸŽπŸ‘π’π’π’ˆπŸπŸŽ 𝒅 , where (𝒅) is the distance from the transmitter to the receiver. The UHF band Pathloss exponent was computed to be 1.8 with a Pathloss equation characterised as 𝑷𝑳 𝒅𝑩 = πŸ“πŸ•. πŸ‘πŸ“ + πŸπŸ•. πŸ—πŸ”π’π’π’ˆπŸπŸŽ 𝒅 . The findings re-echoed the need for specific prediction model to accurately estimate the service coverage of TV stations and facilitate effective utilization of spatial TV white space as it was found that there were divergence in coverage prediction between the measured model and some of the conventional models. Using the protection view point, the protection contour in kilometers for TV signals propagating in the UHF band in Nigeria was characterized to be 𝒅𝒓𝒑 = 𝟏𝟎 𝑷𝒕+πŸ‘πŸ.πŸ”πŸ“ πŸπŸ•.πŸ—πŸ” . . Where (𝒅𝒓𝒑) is the protection contour radius modeled as a function of the transmit power of the TV station in decibels with reference to one milliwatt (dBm) for co-channel and adjacent channel coverage. Similarly, the no-talk-zone in kilometers was characterized as a function of the transmit power of the secondary user device in dBm for co-channel usage to be 𝒅(π’“π’βˆ’π’“π’‘) = π’‚π’π’•π’Šπ’π’π’ˆ[ π‘·π’”βˆ’πŸ–πŸ—.πŸ•πŸ” πŸπŸ•.πŸ—πŸ” ] modeled as a function of the secondary user transmit power 𝑷𝒔 . The separation distance in kilometers from the TV station to the possible secondary user transmitter beyond which no interference exist was computed to have a relationship equal to π’‚π’π’•π’Šπ’π’π’ˆ 𝑷𝒕+π‘·π’”βˆ’πŸ“πŸ•.𝟏𝟏 πŸπŸ•.πŸ—πŸ” . This model will facilitate TVWS co channel coexistence using the specified equation to determine the separation distances between television transmitters and secondary user transmitters.Β 
Keywords: Β Primary User Protection Contour, Separation Distance, Isolation Distance.
Scope of the Article: Network Traffic Characterization and Measurements