Improved Multiple Gateway Node Based Routing Architecture for Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Network
Pratima Malhotra1, Kanika Sharma2
1Pratima Malhotra, ME scholar Department of Electronics and Communication National Institute of Technical Teachers Training and Research (NITTTR), sector 26, Chandigarh.
2Dr. Kanika Sharma, Assistant Professor Department of Electronics and Communication National Institute of Technical Teachers Training and Research (NITTTR), Sector 26, Chandigarh.
Manuscript received on 02 July 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 09 July 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 August 2019 | PP: 2175-2180 | Volume-8 Issue-10, August 2019 | Retrieval Number: J93870881019/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.J9387.0881019
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: In modern era, with technologies shifting from wired to wireless technologies, Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) play an essential role in advancement of technology. WSNs have limited battery .In this paper, we propose Improved Multiple Gateway Node (MGN) based Routing Architecture (IMRA) that increases both network lifetime and stability period of the network and also improves energy efficiency. It uses the technique of load balancing and considers average energy of the network to improve aforementioned parameters. IMRA is event-driven protocol and has four MGNs with unlimited power which makes this protocol efficient for use in disaster prone areas like earthquakes, forest fires etc. saving millions of lives. Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) play an essential role in advancement of technology. Various disasters like earthquakes, forest fires, etc. can be sensed in advance using latest technology in WSNs and preventive measures can be taken. IMRA surpasses other protocols by increasing Stability Period, Half Node Dead and Network lifetime by 58.18%, 55.94% and 52.96% respectively as compared to traditional MRA and by 156.99%, 86.2% and 90.12% respectively as compared to Threshold sensitive Energy Efficient Delay aware Routing Protocol(TEDRP).
Keywords: IMRA, Network Lifetime, Stability Period, WSN
Scope of the Article: Wireless ad hoc & Sensor Networks