Enhancement of Opportunistic Co-Occurrence of U-LTE and Wi-Fi/Iot in 5 GHz Using Cognitive Radio
A. Muniyappan1, P. B. Pankajavalli2

1A. Muniyappan, Department of Computer Science, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, India.
2P. B. Pankajavalli, Department of Computer Science, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, India.
Manuscript received on 01 September 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 22 September 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 September 2019. | PP: 25-31 | Volume-8 Issue-11, September 2019. | Retrieval Number: J98990881019/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.J9899.0981119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: In this modern era, Unlicensed Long-Term Evolution (U-LTE) is the most interested research area to enable its access in 5GHz ISM unlicensed band for increasing data rate and spectral efficiency. The major constraint for accessing these frequencies is being able to coexist with other Wi-Fi/IoT users. Such constraint has been tackled by developing Wi-Fi/IoT by using Cognitive Radio Network (CRN) with two objectives such as deploying the Listen-Before-Talk (LBT) regulatory requirement of radio communication in U-LTE and enhancing their co-existence with Wi-Fi/IoT users in a non-interference manner. However, uplink data transmission was not considered in the unlicensed spectrum usage and also the spectrum efficiency was less. Hence, in this paper, the co-occurrence between LTE and Wi-Fi/IoT using CRN is further enhanced and realized. Initially, the co-occurrence between LTE and Wi-Fi in the unlicensed spectrum is enhanced by proposing efficient spectrum utilization based on Conflict-Tolerant Channel Allocation (CTCA) algorithm that reduces the channel inconsistencies efficiently. Moreover, this algorithm is enhanced to increase the spectrum efficiency and simultaneous transmissions in the similar channel based on an enhanced Cell ON/OFF mechanism which optimizes the resource allocation. Finally, the simulation results show that the performance efficiency of the proposed system compared to the existing in terms of spectrum efficiency, throughput and transmission time delay.
Keywords: Co-occurrence issues, Cell on/off mechanism, Cognitive radio network, Conflict-tolerant channel allocation LTE, Unlicensed LTE.
Scope of the Article: