Industry 4.0 : India’s Defence Industry Needs Smart Manufacturing
Pawan Anand1, Asha Nagendra2

1Pawan Anand, Faculty of Management Studies, Symbiosis Centre for Research & Innovation, Symbiosis International Deemed University, Pune (Maharashtra), India.

2Asha Nagendra, Professor, Symbiosis Pune (Maharashtra), India.

Manuscript received on 10 September 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 19 September 2019 | Manuscript Published on 11 October 2019 | PP: 476-485 | Volume-8 Issue-11S September 2019 | Retrieval Number: K108109811S19/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.K1081.09811S19

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Abstract: The Fourth Industrial Revolution (I4.0) envisages fusion of technologies across the physical, digital and biological worlds, and is transforming production, management and governance into a Smart Manufacturing paradigm. It is based on exploitation of current and futuristic technologies such as Internet of Things, 3D Printing (Additive Manufacturing), 5 G connectivity, cyber security, robotics and automation. More than any other industry, defence innovation and manufacturing demand high quality and precision products. This paper brings out the need and current status of India’s defence manufacturing sector (state-controlled Defence Research and Development Organisation(DRDO), Ordnance Factories (OFs), Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs), and Private Industry including MSMEs) with regard to I4.0, and seeks to establish what needs to be done in adopting features of smart manufacturing, to make it globally competitive. Primary data obtained from a small but knowledgeable sample population, duly analysed with descriptive statistics; followed by secondary data sources, establish the influencing factors. Interpretive Structural Modelling helped formulate a framework for smart manufacturing in India’s defence industry. The paper concludes with recommendations with regard to governmental, and industry stakeholders. “New and emerging technologies like Artificial Intelligence and Robotics are perhaps the most important determinants of defensive and offensive capabilities for any defence force in the future. India, with its leadership in Information Technology domain, would strive to use this technology tilt to its advantage.”

Keywords: Artificial Intelligence India, India’s Defence Industry, Industry 4.0, Smart Manufacturing
Scope of the Article: Manufacturing Processes