CO2 Emission – the Leading Environmental Threat to India
Kadalarasane. T.1, Tripura Sundari. C.U.2

1Kadalarasane T, Department of Quantitative Finance Program Statistics, Pondicherry University, Pondicherry (Tamil Nadu), India.

2Tripura Sundari. C.U., Department of Quantitative Finance Program Statistics, Pondicherry University, Pondicherry (Tamil Nadu), India.

Manuscript received on 10 September 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 19 September 2019 | Manuscript Published on 11 October 2019 | PP: 529-535 | Volume-8 Issue-11S September 2019 | Retrieval Number: K108909811S19/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.K1089.09811S19

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Abstract: The 2030 Agenda of 17 Sustainable Development Goals is to promote well being, peace and prosperity among people at presents and future. Goal 9 focuses on “Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation”. The score of this goal according to Sustainable Development report is 33.1. Air pollution is the top killer in the world (Thomson Reuters 2018), every year all countries face heavy natural calamities disaster which results in huge human loss and financial losses thereby leading to global inequality and environmental injustice. The most important source of global warming is Tropical deforestation, rising the release of different gases into the atmosphere, burning of fossil fuels etc. Increase in CO2 emissions will produce more heat, thereby directly affecting our natural resources which results in more disease and increase in water level. Almost all countries contribute to the rise of carbon emission, the Paris agreement pledges that nearly 200 nations will limit global warming to 3C. India is the second largest populated country, it has launched the smart city project, Government wants to implement 100 smart cities, and it is worth to develop 100 smart villages. Smart class rooms, good and healthy environment and hospitals must be focused and developed in villages, which will act as a tool to achieve 2030 Goal. Based on the above theory the current paper attempts to study the world and region wise data regarding the human impacts of fossil-fuel pollution, Worlds’ Ranking on fossil fuel CO2 emissions rates, waterless economies, Investment potential and opportunities in cities by region and sector to 2030 etc. Secondary data of various sources from Sustainable Development report, water polluted report, Carbon dioxide Information Analysis, world bank, etc., is collected. Simple graphs, growth rate, percentage analysis, data visualization techniques are used to verify the above objective, based on the detail discussions, policy suggestions are provided.

Keywords: Climate Change, CO2 Emission, Fossil Fuel, Paris Agreement, Smart Village, Sustainable Development Goal, Urbanization.
Scope of the Article: Environmental Engineering