Classification of Travelers for the Recommendation of Suitable Integrated Multimodal Services
Reuben Joshua S. Kaura1, Panos Georgakis2
1Reuben Joshua S. Kaura, Science and Engineering Built Environment, University of Wolverhampton, Wolverhampton, United Kingdom.
2Dr. Panos Georgakis, Science and Engineering, University of Wolverhampton, Wolverhampton, United Kingdom.
Manuscript received on 11 September 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 20 September 2019 | Manuscript Published on 11 October 2019 | PP: 560-567 | Volume-8 Issue-11S September 2019 | Retrieval Number: K109409811S19/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.K1094.09811S19
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open-access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: This paper presents limitations of existing congestion management techniques which are attributed to the absence of robustness, coordination among traffic control elements and lack of adaptation in the current method to the changing traffic circumstance. The aim is to use clustering analysis in the area of machine learning to identify and develop classifiers that possibly “classifies” the types of transportation users, including travelers driving a car, riding a bicycle, riding a bus, taking a taxi and hiring a private car; which involves grouping the traveler as a driver or a passenger. For this study, statistical and analytical methods of distinguishing variations in the preferences of mode choice among the commuters was applied on a secondary data feedback collected from Birmingham city council. Euclidean distance is a clustering algorithm that was considered as attribute model, which includes distance algorithms i.e. distance between points and distributions models. Nine (9) questions and answers from the feedback were selected and modified for the statistical clusters modeling and the K-means algorithms was used in the clustering process. The result from the analysis was exported out in excel format in which the data of travelers was categorized mainly into two groups (Drivers / Passenger), which was further used to classify individual traveling behaviours. Certain rules were set identify types of Drivers and Passengers, persuadable and non-persuadable. These categories were further used to classify individual traveling behaviors. Certain rules were set to identify types of Drivers and Passengers, persuadable and non-persuadable.
Keywords: Classification of Travelers, Cluster Analysis, Congestion Management, Travel Behaviours, Description of Types of Travelers.
Scope of the Article: Classification