E-Metering and Fault Detection in Smart Water Distribution Systems using Wireless Network
M. Karthik1, B. Gunapriya2, P. N. Vivek3, A. Vishalakshi4, M. Gayathiri5

1M. Karthik, Department of EEE, Sri Ramakrishna Engineering College, Coimbatore, India.
2Dr. B. Gunapriya, Department of EEE, New Horizon College of Engineering, Bengaluru, Karnataka.
3P. N. Vivek, Department of EEE, Sri Ramakrishna Engineering College, Coimbatore, India.
4A. Vishalakshi, Department of EEE, Sri Ramakrishna Engineering College, Coimbatore, India.
5M. Gayathiri, Department of EEE, Sri Krishna College of Engineering & Technology, Coimbatore, India.

Manuscript received on 28 August 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 08 September 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 September 2019. | PP: 634-639 | Volume-8 Issue-11, September 2019. | Retrieval Number: K16040981119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.K1604.0981119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Water distribution system is a network that supplies water to all the consumers through different means. Proper means of providing water to houses without compromising in quantity and quality is always a challenge. As it is a huge network keeping track of the utilization is difficult for the utility. Hence through this project we come up with a solution to solve this issue. Current technologies like Low Power Wide Area Networks, LoRa and sensor deployment techniques have been in research and were also tested in few rural areas but issues due to hardware deployment and large scale real time implementation was a challenge hence through this system we aim to create and simulate a real time scenario to test a sensor network model that could be implemented in large scale further. This project aims in building a wireless sensor network model for a smart water distribution system. In this system there is bidirectional communication between the consumer and the utility. Each house has a meter through which the amount of water consumed is sent to the utility board. The data has two fields containing the house ID and the data (water consumed); it is being sent to the data collection unit (DCU) which in-turn sends it to the central server so that the consumption is monitored in real time. All this is simulated using NETSIM and MATLAB.
Keywords: Bi-directional Communication, MATALB, NETSIM, Water distribution system, Wireless sensor network model.
Scope of the Article: Network Protocols & Wireless Networks