Optimization and Mathematical Calculation of Turning Radius for 4 Wheel Steering Systems in Maruti Suzuki Baleno
Sapam Subaschandra Singh1, Gagandeep Singh Mavi2

1Sapam Subaschandra Signh, Mechanical Engineering Department, Chandigarh University, Gharuan Mohali, India.
2Gagandeep Singh Mavi, Mechanical Engineering Department, Chandigarh University, Gharuan Mohali, India.
Manuscript received on 29 August 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 08 September 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 September 2019. | PP: 3961-3963 | Volume-8 Issue-11, September 2019. | Retrieval Number: K21280981119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.K2128.0981119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Understeering in production vehicles is a common mechanism followed in day to days automobile industries. Rare cases have been recorded where over steering is implemented. Consider a vehicle that can automatically compensate for both the under steering and over steering issues, the concept will assist and enable the driver to experience nearly the neutral steering under the varying operational conditions. This paper deals with the introduction of rack and pinion mechanism, employed for the purpose of optimizing and mathematical calculation of turning radius for a 4 Wheel steering system equipped in the considered vehicle model MARUTI SUZUKI BALENO. This allows the conversion of the steering rotational motion into linear motion which enables effective wheel turning with minimum efforts applied by the driver. The power is transferred from the front axle to the rear axle by using a tie rod connected to a rack and pinion mechanism. The excessive work load on the front wheels and uneven tire wear results in a less efficient functioning of the vehicle. The purpose of this paper helps in enhanced and much efficient performance of the vehicle and reduces the maneuverer efforts.
Keywords: Optimization, 4 Wheel steering system, Rack and pinion mechanism, Ackerman angle, Tie rod etc.
Scope of the Article: Design Optimization of Structures