Process Parameters Optimization of Aa2024 Alloy Friction Stir Welding using Taguchi’s Technique
Ch. Radhika1, N. Shyam kumar2

1Ch. Radhika, Assistant Professor , Department of ME, Kakatiya University, Warangal, India.
2Dr. N. Shyam kumar, Professor, Department of ME, WITS, Warangal, India

Manuscript received on 24 August 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 07 September 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 September 2019. | PP: 1940-1945 | Volume-8 Issue-11, September 2019. | Retrieval Number: K21380981119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.K2138.0981119
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Abstract: Within this research study, Taguchi system of style of experimental was utilized to assess the impact of some welding process parameters of sound state welding techniques like rotational speed(spinning velocity), travel speed in addition to pin profile on Tensile Strength (UTS), microhardness in addition to effect strength of Friction Stir Welded (FSW) 2024 light weight aluminum alloy joint. An orthogonal array of L9 design was actually employed for experimental trials and also Signal to noise proportion( S/N) values for each process specifications was computed. Based upon the S/N review the optimal level of process specifications was actually decided on as 1120 revoltions per minute, 25 mm/min and also Cylinder pin with Flutes( CWF) for best Tensile Strength and also micro Hardness. The ideal degree of process parameters for Impact toughness was actually pinpointed as 1120rpm,31.5 mm/min and also Tapered Cylindrical pin account( Drawback). Depending on to Analysis of variance (ANOVA), it was seen that the task of spinning, travel velocity and also pin geometry was 37.31, 64.84 and 1.13 per-cent effect on Ultimate tensile strength, 34.16, 51.28 and 0.58 per-cent impact on micro Hardness as well as 50.10, 43.7 and 6.2 percent influence on Influence Toughness of joint respectively. Eventually based upon FSW guidelines a model was actually created for tensile strength, Micro Hardness and Toughness values. The results were confirmed by further experiments, which yield the experimented values as 349.83 MPa for tensile strength, 114.26 Hardness and 7.8kJ Impact strength.
Keywords: 2024 aluminum alloys, Friction stir welding, Weld process parameters, ANOVA, Taguchi.
Scope of the Article: Design Optimization of Structures