A Delay and Energy Efficient Multicast Routing Protocol using IWO and MOLO Algorithm for Vehicular Networks

1H.Prabavathi, Research Scholar, Department of CSE, Annamalai University,Annamalai Nagar, Tamil Nadu, India.
2Dr.K.Kavitha, Associate Professor, Department of CSE, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, Tamil Nadu, India.
3Dr.G.Pradeep, Professor, Department of MCA, A.V.C. College of Engineering, Mannampandal, Tamil Nadu, India.

Manuscript received on September 13, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 24 September, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 10, 2019. | PP: 3048-3055 | Volume-8 Issue-12, October 2019. | Retrieval Number: K24690981119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.K2469.1081219
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Abstract: Vehicular networks are significantly improving wireless communication network which provides an intelligent transportation system services among faster moving vehicles with internet and brings safety and comfort drive. From a single source vehicle the multicast routing protocols delivers multicast messages to all members of the multicast group by means of multi-hop communication. Increasing the density of vehicles results in channel overload, which increases the probability of data collision; hence reduction in successful received data will increase the delay. Therefore, delay and energy consumption are the major constraints that should affect the performance of routing. In this paper we suggest a delay and energy efficient multicast routing (DEMR) protocol for vehicular network using a hybrid machine learning algorithm. The DEMR protocol consists of four layers; are vehicle layer, fog layer, OpenFlow switch layer, and SDN controller layer. Moreover, to partition the vehicle layer, and select the optimal multicast path based on multiple constraints improved weed optimization (IWO) algorithm is proposed. IWO algorithm separates the multicast request into emergency, common and police requests. We design a multi-objective lion optimization (MOLO) algorithm among fog nodes for resource management, which increases the utilization of resources in fog layer and decrease the response time of multicast session request. MOLO algorithm removes the unnecessary flow table and session table entries in the controller. The DEMR protocol is implemented in Network Simulator (NS3) tool and simulation results are compared with the protocols as EEMSFV, MABC, and CVLMS. From the simulation results we conclude that the DEMR algorithm is better than EEMSFV, MABC and CVLMS in terms of transmission ratio, overhead load, average end to end delay, packet loss ratio and, energy consumption.
Keywords: Vehicular Networks, Multicasting, Fog Computing, Delay, Energy Efficient, MOLO, IWO
Scope of the Article: Algorithm Engineering