Short Literature Review on Diagnosis of CKD using Gas Sensors
Santhoshini Arulvallal1, Lakshmi Shree. B2, Sandhiya. R3

1Santhoshini Arulvallal, Department of Biomedical Engineering, AVIT, Chennai, India.
2Lakshmi Shree. B, Department of Biomedical Engineering, AVIT, Chennai, India.
3R. Sandhiya, Department of Biomedical Engineering, AVIT, Chennai, India.
Manuscript received on August 09, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on August 22, 2020. | Manuscript published on September 10, 2020. | PP: 185-188 | Volume-9 Issue-11, September 2020 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijitee.K77460991120 | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.K7746.0991120
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: According to the recent survey, Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), Hypertension, Diabetes Mellitus type I & II are very common among the people now a days. The portable and user friendly devices like sphygmomanometer, Glucometer are developed for the diagnosis of Blood pressure (BP) and blood glucose respectively, which are available commercially. This literature review focuses on the development of portable CKD diagnosis system using different types of gas sensors. The Ammonia is marked as the major biomarker in the diagnosis of any kidney disease, the presence of elevated concentration of ammonia in the breath of a person reflects any kidney problem in the body. This Ammonia and other gases which constitute the kidney problem like Nitrogen oxide which acts as the biomarker for end stage acute kidney disorder are diagnosed with the help of several gas sensors like Ammonia gas sensor, Gold Nano particles sensors, Nano composites sensors etc., It is possible to develop a system for the diagnosis of CKD using the gas sensors which could reduce the time consuming regular clinical diagnosis of the same. 
Keywords: CKD, Ammonia Sensor, GNP sensors, Portable device, Gas sensing, Nano composites, Biomarkers.