Behaviour of Rectangular Concrete Deep Beams with Hybrid Fibre Reinforced Polymer Reinforcements Considering Web Openings
1P.Swaminathan, PhD Research Scholar, Department of Civil & Structural Engineering, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, India.
2Dr. G.Kumaran, Professor, Department of Civil & Structural Engineering, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, India.
Manuscript received on August 26, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on September 03, 2020. | Manuscript published on September 10, 2020. | PP: 300-305 | Volume-9 Issue-11, September 2020 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijitee.K78230991120 | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.K7823.0991120
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Abstract: The use of non-corrosive reinforcements in the place of steel reinforcements has therefore been focused as an alternative to improve the life span of the concrete structures. Fibre Reinforced Polymer (FRP) reinforcements offer many advantages over steel reinforcements including resistance to electrochemical corrosion, high strength to weight ratio and easy in fabrication and electromagnetic insulating properties. Further, the use of hybrid FRP reinforcements, in lieu of conventional steel reinforcements requires better understanding under different parametric conditions. Therefore the present study deals mainly with the behaviour of Concrete Deep beams with and without openings reinforced internally with hybrid type Fibre Reinforced Polymer (FRP) reinforcements under static loading conditions. In structural applications, deep beams are commonly used as large span structures such as transfer girders in buildings, bridges, foundation walls, shear walls and offshore structures. In this study, high strength concrete deep beams are investigated. Among the eight beams, four beams are reinforced internally using conventional reinforcements with and without web opening, four beams are reinforced internally using hybrid FRP reinforcements with and without web openings. Different parameters like, high strength concrete, web opening positions (Top, Middle and Bottom), span sprinkled FRP hybrid reinforcements are considered. Based on this study, static load carrying capacities and their modes of failures of deep beams reinforced internally with FRP hybrid type reinforcements for various web openings positions are compared by finite element modelling using ANSYS software with the existing theories for better under standings. Based on the modelling and theoretical work, final conclusions of the present study are derived.
Keywords: Hybrid Fibre Reinforced Polymer (HFRP) reinforcements, Deep beams, modelling, Web openings, Shear span to depth ratio.