Lifetime Responsive Depth Based Routing for Underwater Wireless Sensor Network using Hybrid Soft Computing Technique with Optimal Delay
Pushpendra R Verma1, Amit Kumar2, Sajal Swapnil3, Rakesh Ranjan4

1Pushpendra. R. Verma*, Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, Himgiri Zee University, Dehradun, India.
2Amit Kumar, Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, Himgiri Zee University, Dehradun, India.
3Sajal Swapnil, Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, NIT Kurukshetra, Haryana, India.
4Rakesh Ranjan, Vice Chancellor, Himgiri Zee University, Dehradun, India.
Manuscript received on August 17, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on August 24, 2020. | Manuscript published on September 10, 2020. | PP: 357-364 | Volume-9 Issue-11, September 2020 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijitee.K78370991120 | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.K7837.0991120
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Abstract: Underwater wireless sensor network (UWSN) is an emerging technology that has been used for different applications such as warning systems for disasters, monitoring the ecosystem, drilling of the oil, defense surveillance. Although underwater communication may be accomplished using electromagnetic or optical waves, but these methods are not feasible for practical UWSN, due to signal attenuation. UWSN faces several issues like restricted bandwidth, irregular node mobility, increased delay etc. which affects the routing behavior. In this paper, an optimal delay and lifetime aware depth based routing (ODLDR) protocol is proposed. Protocol first introduced the group partitioning algorithm for cluster formation that minimizes the energy consumption of network then an efficient priority based scheduling algorithm is proposed for trust computation, which helps in finalizing the CH and routing path. The ODLDR protocol is tested with the high density nodes in Network Simulator (NS2) tool. The simulation results shows the effectiveness of the ODLDR protocol in terms of energy consumption, packet delivery ratio, positioning accuracy, end-to-end delay, throughput and network lifetime. 
Keywords: ODLDR, CH, UWSN, Routing protocol, Delay.