Real-Time Traffic Light Detection and Interpretation Using Circle Centroid
Zamani Md Sani1, Nur Amalyna Ramlan2

1Zamani Md Sani, Department of Mechatronics, Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia.

2Nur Amalyna Ramlan, Department of Mechatronics, Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia.

Manuscript received on 08 December 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 22 December 2019 | Manuscript Published on 31 December 2019 | PP: 465-469 | Volume-8 Issue-12S2 October 2019 | Retrieval Number: L108910812S219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.L1089.10812S219

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Abstract: The paper proposes a new method to recognize the sequence of a traffic light using image processing algorithm. Invariant in factor lightning and weather condition that lead to misinterpret the color of traffic light is one of the factors of accident at traffic light conjunction besides the behavior of the driver itself. The process to identify the color and shape of traffic light are Image Acquisition, Pre-Processing, Detection, Feature Extraction and Interpretation. RGB normalization is performed and simple thresholding method that acts as color segmentation provides a better division of the traffic light colors. Circle Hough Transform and HSV color features based on the traffic light aspect are used to decide whether the spots on the frames are likely to be traffic lights’ color and shape. The detection of traffic light will be obtained after identifying the feature such as the centroid of the Circle Hough Transform that need to be extracted at the end of the result. The research has been improved by focusing on detection and interpretation of traffic light based on real time video rather than image sample as the input. The proposed algorithm can detect the green color accurately with maximum accuracy of 83.8%, yellow color of 75.6% and red color with minimum accuracy of 70.19%. This indicates that there is a possibility to use the proposed algorithm to detect the three different color of green, yellow and red color of traffic lights’ colour.

Keywords: Circle Hough Transform Centroid, RGB Normalization, Traffic Light.
Scope of the Article: Real-Time Information Systems