Determining the Efficacy of Protocols Employed in Replacement /Artificial Feeding using Commercial Infant Formula in, Harare Zimbabwe
Makamure C1, Chinofunga D2, Usai T3, Mutonhodza B4
1Makamure C, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Science and Technology, P. Bag Gweru.
2Chinofunga D, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Science and Technology, P. Bag Gweru.
3Usai T, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Science and Technology, P.Bag Gweru.
4Mutonhodza B, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Science and Technology, P. Bag Gweru
Manuscript received on 12 June 2014 | Revised Manuscript received on 19 June 2014 | Manuscript Published on 30 June 2014 | PP: 18-22 | Volume-4 Issue-1, June 2014 | Retrieval Number: L16350531214/14©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The study determined the efficacy of protocols employed in replacement/artificial feeding using commercial infant formula. The study was carried out in the different suburban locations of Harare, Zimbabwe. A sample size of 20 mothers/caregivers giving commercial infant formula to their babies at between 0-6 months was targeted; convenience and snowball sampling techniques were used to identify the participants. Interviews using a structured questionnaire were conducted and complemented by direct observation of the participants as they prepared the infant formula. The results were tallied against a checklist of recommended practices and label instructions. The results established that there were short falls in the preparation procedures as employed by the caregivers, mainly the mixing order of powder and water, temperature of the water for reconstitution and handling of left over formula after feed; 50 percent of caregivers were not adhering to the label instructions as given by the manufacturers and to recommendations proposed by World Health Organisation. Poor hand washing was indicative in 80 percent of cases, bottle feeding was predominant (n = 16) compared to cup feeding (n = 4) and the population practicing artificial feeding were mostly the young (90%), married (80%), educated (100%) and working group (90%). The researcher recommends that health providers strengthen efforts to ensure that adequate information /counselling and consistent advice of optimal benefit to the infant-mother pair be given and that the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare , Nutrition unit must strictly monitor the activities and the information given out by infant formula manufacturers as stipulated by the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes and also giving them the responsibility of following up on the appropriate use of their products.
Keywords: Commercial Infant Formula, Infants, Caregivers.
Scope of the Article: Network Protocols & Wireless Networks