Evaluating the Challenging Issues in the Security of Wireless Communication Networks in Nigeria
Ijemaru Gerald Kelechi1, Udunwa Augustine Ikenna2, Ngharamike Ericmoore Tochukwu3, Oleka Emmanuel Uchendu4

1G.K. IJEMARU, Lecturer, Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Federal University, Oye Ekiti State Nigeria.
2A.I. UDUNWA, Lecturer, Department of Information Management Technology, Federal University, Owerri Imo State, Nigeria..
3E.T. NGHARAMIKE, Graduate Assistant, Department of Computer Science, Federal University Oye Ekiti State Nigeria..
4E.U. OLEKA, Lecturer, Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University, Uyo Nigeria.
Manuscript received on 10 May 2014 | Revised Manuscript received on 20 May 2014 | Manuscript Published on 30 May 2014 | PP: 92-96 | Volume-3 Issue-12, May 2014 | Retrieval Number: L16680531214/14©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Despite the gains offered by wireless communication systems, developing nations like Nigeria have been facing some stringent challenges in the security of wireless communication systems. Although Nigeria’s Telecom industry has experienced continuous growth and rapid progress in policy and technological development, thus resulting in an increasingly competitive and networked world, it has however been encumbered with many security challenges. At present, wireless communications weaknesses are on the increase due to the higher demand for wireless access, demand for higher data rates, the emergence of advanced services, the need for roaming, and the large deployment of services across the globe. Consequently, this has created challenging issues in the security of wireless systems and applications operating in wireless environments. Nigeria witnessed stages of technological advancements in her information-dissemination techniques. Most of the techniques, such as post office, public switch telephone network, telegram and so on, are now becoming obsolete and therefore necessitate the use of other communication mediums which are not only faster, cheaper, portable, contemporary, more efficient and reliable but also have the gains and potentials of accelerating economic development as well as enhancing the lives of individuals. Consequently, the wireless communication systems such as the Global System for Mobile communication (GSM) and the internet, which are operative in Nigeria at present, have brought convenience, mobility and portability in the information and communication process. And with these, people can now transact a wide range of services formally. It is true that security of wireless networks is a global issue that needs to be addressed; the Nigerian case has more to it owing to the diverse nature of the country vis-à-vis its ethnic and religious diversities and therefore requires a critical evaluation, especially now that deregulation of the sector has taken its success.
Keywords: CDMA, GSM, TDMA, WLAN, Wireless Security, Wireless Communication Networks.

Scope of the Article: Wireless Communication