Oxirane Ring Opening of Rubber (Hevea Brasiliensis) Seed Oil by Perfomic Acid
O.R. Obanla1, J.D. Udonne2, O.O. Ajani3, M.E. Ojewumi4, O.J. Omodara5
1O.R. Obanla. Department of Chemical Engineering, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria.
2J.D. Udonne, Department of Chemical and Polymer Engineering, Lagos State University, Nigeria.
3O.O. Ajani*, Department of Chemistry, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria.
1M.E. Ojewumi*. Department of Chemical Engineering, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria.
O.J. Omodara*. Department of Chemical Engineering, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria.
Manuscript received on October 12, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 22 October, 2019. | Manuscript published on November 10, 2019. | PP: 5070-5073 | Volume-9 Issue-1, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: L25801081219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.L2580.119119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Studies on the epoxidation of rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) seed oil, a renewable source with formic acid was performed in the presence of 30% hydrogen peroxide at a of temperature 40, 50,60,70 oC. The process is favoured by an increase in temperature forming a product with high oxirane content which is as a result of mole ratios of formic acid and hydrogen peroxide. Products of high oxirane content are commercialy viable in the production of polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Natural rubber and other products can be obtained from this in- situ technique. Studies in this research shows that the rate of epoxidation increases with an increase in temperature. Oxirane values of 2.30, 3.62 and 4.73 for the various temperature. However high oxirane content of 6.22 was obtained at 70 oC which is in line with literature. FTIR analysis was also carried out on the epoxidized rubber seed oil which shows the peaks of oxirane cleavage.
Keywords: Epoxidation, Oxirane Content, Performic Acid and Rubber Seed Oil.
Scope of the Article: Bio-Science and Bio-Technology