CFD-subset-FVM-based MATLAB-simulation of Heat Transfer in High Grade Cold Storage Augmenting Cryogenic Energy Storage System by Circulating Natural Gas as Working Fluid
A. Kanni Raj

A. Kanni Raj*, School of Basic and Advanced Sciences, Vel Tech Rangarajan Dr. Sagunthala R&D Institute of Science & Technology, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Manuscript received on September 16, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 24 September, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 10, 2019. | PP: 3148-3150 | Volume-8 Issue-12, October 2019. | Retrieval Number: L26171081219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.L2617.1081219
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Abstract: Cryogenic Energy Storage (CES) improves power grid application with renewable intermittent power sources. In CES, off-peak excess electricity liquefies air or natural gas. Cryogenic fluid so obtained is stored in large Dewar tanks for long periods of time. Whenever electricity need is in peak, work available in cryogen is recovered by thermodynamic cycle using hot storage waste heat (HSWH) that has been generated by liquefier’s compressor. Many researchers focus on liquid air energy storage (LAES). But, natural gas (NG) is good working substance for CES liquefaction process. This paper reviews NG-CES containing high grade cold storage (HGCS). Cold stored HGCS is utilized to raise CES efficiency and hike liquefier yield. This paper models HGCS unit and compares output with experimental data. Impact of cold recycling is analyzed for liquefier yield and storage efficiency.
Keywords: Cold Storage, FVM, CFD, MATLAB, Cryogenic Energy Storage, Natural gas, Exergy
Scope of the Article: Bio-Science and Bio-Technology