Technoparks as Centers of Regional Economic Development
Nosonov A.1, Letkina N.2
1Arthur M. Nosonov, Department of Physical and Socio-Economic Geography, Professor, Dr. Sci. (Geography), National Research Mordovia State University, Saransk, Russia.
2Natalia V. Letkina, Department of English for Professional Communication, Associate Professor, Ph. D. (Philosophy), National Research Mordovia State University, Saransk, Russia.
Manuscript received on September 16, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 24 September, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 10, 2019. | PP: 4213-4218 | Volume-8 Issue-12, October 2019. | Retrieval Number: L26911081219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.L2691.1081219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: In the modern world, socio-economic and political leadership of a country is based on the generation of new knowledge, its commercialization and use in all areas of human activity, it being an important prerequisite for improving the competitiveness of the state. To achieve this goal, individual elements of the national innovation system including the main components of the innovation infrastructure are being formed in many constituent entities of the Russian Federation. The article discusses an important component of the industrial and technological innovation infrastructure – technology parks. The dynamics of technology parks development in Russia since 1990, their functions, specialization and efficiency of functioning are revealed. The conclusion is made about how the increasing number of technology parks influences on socio-economic and innovative development of the regions in Russia. Further development of regional innovation systems based on the development of technology parks in the field of high technologies is associated with the development of effective marketing mechanisms for the commercialization of innovations, improving the quality of education and its focus on innovation issues. The applied focus of scientific research should be accompanied by the diversification of the innovation-technological complex in accordance with the priority directions of technological development of regions and country. The results of the research can be used by decision makers to substantiate the diversification of regional innovation systems in accordance with the priority directions of the technological development of the country.
Keywords: Innovation, Productive and Technological Infrastructure, Region, Diversification, Technopark.
Scope of the Article: Construction Economics