Characterization of the Physicochemical Property of Blend of Butanol and Octanol with Biodiesel
Sunil Kumar Sinh1, Naveen Kumar2, Rajesh Kumar3
1Sunil Kumar Sinha, Casrae , Delhi Technological University, Delhi, India.
2Naveen Kumar, Casrae, Delhi Technological University, Delhi, India.
Rajesh Kumar, Mech. Deptt. Delhi Technological University, Delhi, India
3Manuscript received on September 16, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 25 September, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 10, 2019. | PP: 3240-3245 | Volume-8 Issue-12, October 2019. | Retrieval Number: L30831081219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.L3083.1081219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Energy is the major concern around the world not because it is limited availability of petroleum fuel but also due to its environmental effects, greenhouse gas emissions and ozone layer depletion. The compression ignition engine widely used in the agriculture, transportation, electric generation sector which mainly driven by fossil diesel. To counter the cause produce by fossil diesel use and its limited resources, bio-derived fuel may play a major role to fulfill the requirement. But, it has been observed that higher viscosity of biodiesel leads to poor atomization and improper mixing of fuel with air. The poor Combustion, higher viscosity, higher emission of NOx , low break thermal efficiency of biodiesel, the high cost of production are the main impediment in the preferment of the use of bio-diesel. To mitigate the problem of use of biodiesel blending of higher alcohol in biodiesel may offer a potential solution. Hence in this study Jatropha biodiesel has been blended with n-butanol and n-octanol alcohol by volume 10%, 20%, and 30%. i.e. JME90B10, JME80B20, JME70B30, JME90O10, JME80O20, JME70O30 and evaluate the physicochemical properties i.e. Kinematic viscosity, calorific value, cetane index, cold flow property and oxygen stability as per ASTM standard and compare with diesel and biodiesel. However, blends have a higher viscosity than diesel. But this fuel is bio-degradable in nature, help to diminish carbon footprint and has low emission outlines as compared to petroleum diesel. Usage of a combination of bio-fuel will allow a balance to be sought between agriculture, industrialization, transportation and the environment. GC-MS analysis of JME show 29.64% saturated acid and 69.25% of mono unsaturated acid. The properties of biodiesel depend upon the variation of acid percentage. Overall property of blend comparable with fossil diesel it may substitute the diesel.
Keywords: B -n-butanol, GS-MS – Gas Chromatography – mass Spectrometry, GHG – Green House Gas, JME – Jatropha Methyl ester, O – n-octanol .
Scope of the Article: Bio-Science and Bio-Technology