Institutional Model in Management of Drainage System
Henny Pratiwi Adi1, Slamet Imam Wahyudi2
1Henny Pratiwi Adi*, Department of Civil Engineering, Sultan Agung Islamic University, Indonesia.
2Slamet Imam Wahyudi, Department of Civil Engineering, Sultan Agung Islamic University, Indonesia.
Manuscript received on November 15, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 20 November, 2019. | Manuscript published on December 10, 2019. | PP: 1099-1103 | Volume-9 Issue-2, December 2019. | Retrieval Number: L34491081219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.L3449.129219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Flood is a regular problem in Semarang. The causes of flooding include changes in land use, intensity and high rainfall and erosion and sedimentation in the river channel. Development efforts for flood control has been conducted, such as the development and optimization of drainage systems. Maintenance and operation of the drainage system supported by the good institutional capacity is expected to handle the problem of flooding. Therefore, the right institutional model is necessary in the management of the drainage system of Semarang. The research data were obtained through a variety of literature as well as interviews with the parties related to the management of drainage in Semarang. There was three institutional model of drainage system management implemented in Semarang were institutional model of government-based, institutional model of community-based, and institutional model of stakeholders-based. There were 24 respondents from government, municipality, entrepreneurs and communities who have assessed the institutional model of drainage system management. Each institutional model analyzed in the five aspects of drainage management, namely technical, institutional, legal, financial and community participation. The results of the study showed that the most appropriate institutional model for managing the drainage system in Semarang is institutional model of stakeholders-based. This institutional model has the advantage such as drainage system maintenance can be handled more quickly, the legal regulations issued by the government and financing sources drainage system can come from any source, such as the central government, municipalities, grants, and also from non-governmental.
Keywords: Drainage System, Institutional Model, Management
Scope of the Article: Data Management