Smart Transportation Management Planning to Reduce Surface Vehicle Pressure for a Better Urban Design of Howrah Municipal Corporation Area
Prathama Paul1, Joydip Datta2, Sayanti Poddar3, Mohd Anul Haq4

1Prathama Paul, Department of Geography, Asutosh College, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India.
2Joydip Datta, Department of Computer Science Engineering, NIIT University, Neemrana, India.
3Sayanti Poddar, Department of Geography, Asutosh College, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India.
4Mohd Anul Haq, Department of Computer Science Engineering, NIIT University, Neemrana, India. 

Manuscript received on September 19, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 29 September, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 10, 2019. | PP: 4942-4950 | Volume-8 Issue-12, October 2019. | Retrieval Number: L35631081219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.L3563.1081219
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Abstract: The smallest district of West Bengal with great potential of growth, is highly influenced by its location on the of Kolkata, Howrah Municipal Corporation area faces the western bank of river Hooghly, just opposite to Kolkata, is the Howrah city. This city is growing since its inception and became an important part of the Kolkata conurbation. Transport infrastructure and services provide the basic framework for its regional development than other factors of development. From the last two centuries, the on-going transformation of the land use pattern of this district has been highly influenced by the transport development. The establishment of Howrah Railway Terminus (Government of West Bengal, 1967) was the main push factor of the then industrial sector in 1854. But the growing urbanization of the city nowadays pressurizes the man-land ratio which directly affects infrastructural sectors like transport. The existing road transportation system, railway networks, ferry system become unable to handle the pressure mainly during office hours on weekdays. Being a neighbour zone problem related to the transport and road pressure in rush hours. The metro service in Howrah Maidan is already started (2016), which is connected with Kolkata metro networks to reduce the surface transport pressure of the Howrah Municipal area. But still it is just at the foundation stage and only one connected node is not sufficient for the entire Howrah Municipal Corporation area. In this paper, we are going to propose for management of vehicles, probable new transport routes and auxiliary transport system to be a solution to overcome this problem on the basis of people’s perception through our study.
Keywords: Transport Problem, Surface Vehicle Pressure, Auxiliary Transport Plan, Howrah Municipality Area, Smart Urban Planning
Scope of the Article: Municipal or Urban Engineering