Thermal Modeling of Opaque and Semi-Transparent Photovoltaic (PV) Module
Md. Meraj1, M.E. Khan2

1Md. Meraj, Mechanical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engg. & Tech., Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India.
2M.E. Khan, Mechanical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engg. & Tech., Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India. 

Manuscript received on September 16, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 24 September, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 10, 2019. | PP: 3271-3277 | Volume-8 Issue-12, October 2019. | Retrieval Number: L36161081219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.L3616.1081219
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Abstract: Photovoltaic (PV) module is one of the simplest technologies to convert the solar energy into the useful electrical energy. In the present paper, an attempt has been made to develop a simplified analytical expression for solar cell temperature and solar cell electrical efficiency of opaque and semi-transparent photovoltaic module in the terms of design and climatic parameters. Based on the energy balance of opaque and semi-transparent PV module, the performance parameters, namely, solar cell temperature, solar cell electrical efficiency, module efficiency and electrical power output have been evaluated for a typical clear day of May month of New Delhi climatic condition data taken from IMD (Indian Meteorological Department), Pune, India. The numerical simulations have been made on the MATLAB software. Based on the numerical computation, the effect of back cover opaque and semitransparent tedlar of module on the performance parameters has been investigated. From the results and discussion, it is found that the performance of photovoltaic module is very sensitive to the module temperature. Further, it is concluded that the semi-transparent photovoltaic module is more efficient than the opaque one. Thus, by the application of semi-transparent PV module in the design of stand-alone and rooftop PV system, the overall energy requirement and performance can be improved for same occupied area.
Keywords: Efficiency, Module, Opaque, Photovoltaic, Semi-Transparent, Solar cell,
Scope of the Article: Thermal Engineering