Optimization of Nigerian Power System Distribution using Distributed Generation
Ilo, Frederick Udebunu1, Anumaka2, Michael Chukwukadibia.3, Akwukwargbu4, Isdore Onyema5
1Ilo, Frederick Udebunu, Department of Electrical and Electronic and Engineering Enugu State University of Science & Technology, Enugu, Nigeria
2Anumaka, Department of Electrical and Electronic and Engineering Enugu State University of Science & Technology, Enugu, Nigeria
3Michael Chukwukadibia., Department of Electrical and Electronic and Engineering Enugu State University of Science & Technology, Enugu, Nigeria.
4Akwukwargbu, Department of Electrical and Electronic and Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria.
5Isdore Onyema, Department of Electrical and Electronic and Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria.
Manuscript received on September 16, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 24 September, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 10, 2019. | PP: 3618-3622 | Volume-8 Issue-12, October 2019. | Retrieval Number: L3805081219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.L3805.1081219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The main aim of this paper is to enhance the performance of power system distribution in Enugu State Nigeria using distributed Generation System. The main function of power system distribution is to transfer electrical energy to the consumers, while maintaining an acceptable reliability and voltage quality to all customers. It is sad to know that such services is lacking from the Electrical distribution company at Enugu State Nigeria. This paper proposed to setup a centralized plants distributing electricity within the state through Distributed Generation (DG). The implemented DG was abletoreducethe Power Loss from the transmissiona n d distribution stations within the state and also improve voltage profile. The author was able to optimize the power generationfrom wind Energy source to the Distribution network and the DG system was able tostabilize the network by normalizing the fluctuating voltage profile at the distribution end of power system. In order to achieve that, the power system network wasmodeled and simulated using MATLAB/SIMULINK software. The results of the simulation with DG system and without DG system were compared. The result from power Network without DG shows instability of perunit voltage between 0 to 5 seconds and while that from DG system shows stabilization per-unit voltage between 5 to 10 seconds. The total power system Loss without DG system was 2350KW while the power loss with DG system was 1883KW. Hence, the percentage of power system improvement was 11.03%. Therefore from the results, there is reduction of power Loss when DG is applied in the power system.
Keywords: Optimization, Distributed Generation, Power System, MATLAB, Power System.
Scope of the Article: Design Optimization of Structures