Performance Analysis of Various Routing Protocols for VANET Environments
N.Kumareshan1, N.Prakash2, N.Arun Vignesh3, G.Kumaran4

1N.Kumareshan, Associate Professor, Sri Shakthi Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
2N.Prakash, Assistant Professor, Kalaignar Karunanidhi Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
3N.Arun Vignesh, Associate Professor, Gokaraju Institute of Engineering and Technology, Hyderabad, India.
4G.Kumaran, Assistant Professor, Sri Shakthi Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Manuscript received on September 19, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 29 September, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 10, 2019. | PP: 4381-4384 | Volume-8 Issue-12, October 2019. | Retrieval Number: L3904081219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.L3904.1081219
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Abstract: Vehicular Adhoc Network (VANET) is a fast emerging and new technology that are derived from adhoc networks to provide intelligent vehicle to vehicle communication and to improve the road safety and other on road facilities. VANETs are distinct from other networks in terms of high speed movements of vehicles, unpredictable nature of vehicular density over time and specific mobility patterns associated with different scenarios. Hence designing a suitable routing protocol for VANET applications is a very critical and specific task and it is different from that of MANETs even though VANETs are derivatives of the former. In this work we discuss and compare the effectiveness of routing protocols such as, AODV, DSR and DYMO with respect to three parameters namely, throughput, average end-end delay and average jitter. The simulations were carried out in Qualnet 5.0 network simulator. From the obtained results it is concluded that DYMO edges out the other two protocols in terms of the above mentioned metrics when it comes to VANET scenarios.
Keywords:  VANET, AODV, DSR, DYMO, Routing
Scope of the Article: Environmental Engineering