5G Traffic Prediction with Time Series Analysis
Nikhil Nayak1, Rujula Singh R2
1Nikhil Nayak*, Department of Computer Science & Engineering, RV College of Engineering. Bengaluru, (Karnataka), India.
2Rujula Singh R, Department of Computer Science & Engineering, RV College of Engineering. Bengaluru, (Karnataka), India.
Manuscript received on October 11, 2021. | Revised Manuscript received on October 17, 2021. | Manuscript published on October 30, 2021. | PP: 36-40 | Volume-10 Issue-12, October 2021. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijitee.L955510101221 | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.L9555.10101221
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: In today’s day and age, a mobile phone has become a basic requirement needed for anyone to thrive. With the cellular traffic demand increasing so dramatically, it is now necessary to accurately predict the user traffic in cellular networks, to improve the performance in terms of resource allocation and utilization. Since traffic learning and prediction is a classical and appealing field, which still yields many meaningful results, there has been an increasing interest in leveraging Machine Learning tools to analyze the total traffic served in each region, to optimize the operation of the network. With the help of this project, we seek to exploit the traffic history by using it to predict the nature and occurrence of future traffic. Furthermore, we classify the traffic into application types, to increase our understanding of the nature of the traffic. By leveraging the power of machine learning and identifying its usefulness in the field of cellular networks we try to achieve three main objectives – classification of the application generating the traffic, prediction of packet arrival intensity and burst occurrence. The design of the prediction and classification system is done using Long Short Term Memory (LSTM) model. The LSTM predictor developed in this experiment would return the number of uplink packets and estimate the probability of burst occurrence in the specified future time interval. For the purpose of classification, the regression layer in our LSTM prediction model is replaced by a SoftMax classifier which is used to classify the application generating the cellular traffic into one of the four applications including surfing, video calling, voice calling, and video streaming.
Keywords: Classification, K-Means, Time series analysis, Traffic prediction.