Low Power 32-Bit Floating Point Adder/Subtractor Design using 50nm CMOS VLSI Technology
Shrikant J. Honade

Dr. Shrikant J. Honade, Department of E & TC, G H Raisoni CEM, Amravati, Maharashtra, India.
Manuscript received on 02 July 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 05 July 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 August 2019 | PP: 662-674 | Volume-8 Issue-10, August 2019 | Retrieval Number: J87880881019/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.J8788.0881019
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: In many DSP applications, generally multipliers and adders are two key components which are highly complex and consume more power. Out of that the design of adder circuitry is quite complex compared to multiplier which consumes more power. Hence optimization of power consumption of adder circuits is a challenging task in the recent year and is a need of today’s world. In order to give a justice to this problem, work presented in this paper describes the technique of designing floating point adder and subtractor using low power pipelining technique which leads to a reduction in power consumption by a significant amount. Moreover, the presented work in the paper deals with the design of low power transistorized architecture for 32-bit floating point adder/ subtractor without and with pipelining approach in 50nm CMOS VLSI technology. The experimental results demonstrated that, the dynamic power consumption of the floating point adder/subtractor architectures is reduced significantly by employing pipelining technique as compared to the without pipelining technique. Also, in this work a significant improvement has been achieved in the critical path for pipelined approach compared to without pipeline approach. The proposed design is a full custom design prepared and analyzed using cadence 6.15 tool.
Keywords: Subtractor, Floating Point Adder, Adder/Subtractor Area, Critical path.
Scope of the Article: VLSI Algorithms