Slope Stability of Landfill with Waste Degradation
Salhana Ismail1, Aizat Mohd Taib2, Norinah Abd. Rahman3, Dayang Zulaika Abang Hasbollah4, Ahmad Bukhari Ramli5
1Salhana Ismail, Public Works Department, Ministry of Works, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
2Aizat Mohd Taib*, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.
3Norinah Abd Rahman, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.
3Dayang Zulaika Abang Hasbollah, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor, Malaysia.
5Ahmad Bukhari Ramli, Kulliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Manuscript received on October 11, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 22 October, 2019. | Manuscript published on November 10, 2019. | PP: 393-398 | Volume-9 Issue-1, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: A4148119119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.A4148.119119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Nowadays, a large amount of municipal solid waste (MSW) is generated due to the rapid urbanisation in developing countries leads to the demand for larger and higher capacity landfills. Bioreactor landfill technology has been introduced to accelerate the stability of landfill and to solve the issue of limited landfill area. However, the accelerated degradation of the refuse in bioreactor landfills also considerably changes the geotechnical characteristics of the waste in the landfill and thereby increases the concern for waste stability. Hence, this study aims to analyse the stability of both conventional and bioreactor landfill slope with the effects of waste degradation. Finite element method has been used in the slope stability analysis and the stability is presented by the factor of safety. The objectives of this study are i) to determine and assess the main parameter which influences the stability of the waste slope, ii) to determine the effects of waste degradation to the waste properties and iii) to obtain the factor of safety of the landfill slope using numerical analysis by finite element method. From the literature review, it is found that slope stability of a landfill mainly depends on the geotechnical properties of waste, such as moisture content, unit weight, shear strength parameters and hydraulic conductivity of waste. After the degradation process, engineering properties of field refuse are affected which includes the increased pore-water pressure and unit weight, decreased strength and lower hydraulic conductivity. Based on the analysis of conventional landfill slope stability by using Plaxis software, slope ratio of 1:3, 1:4 and 1:5 calculated safe with 1.69, 2.3 and 2.8 whereas the analysis of bioreactor landfill slope stability calculated safe only for slope ratio of 1:4 and 1:5 with 1.60 and 1.97. Moreover, the factor of safety for steeper slopes is lower and vice versa. From the parametric analysis, it is found that the full height of slope and unit weight of waste input affect the result analysis. This study is significant to evaluate the landfill slope stability with the effects of waste degradation and to ensure both conventional and bioreactor landfill slope stability for long periods.
Keywords: Landfill, Bioreactor, Waste Degradation, Finite Element Analysis, Factor of Safety.
Scope of the Article: Bio-Science and Bio-Technology