Boron Carbide (B4C) Reinforced Aluminum Matrix Composites(AMCs)
Daulat Kumar Sharma1, Mileend Sharma2, Gautam Upadhyay3

1Daulat Kumar Sharma*, Metallurgy Department, Government Engineering College, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.
2Mileend Sharma, Mett-Bio Metallurgical Testing & Services, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.
3Gautam Upadhyay, Gujarat Technological University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. 

Manuscript received on October 16, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 27 October, 2019. | Manuscript published on November 10, 2019. | PP: 2094-2203 | Volume-9 Issue-1, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: A4766119119/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.A4766.119119
Open Access | Ethics and Policies | Cite | Mendeley | Indexing and Abstracting
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (

Abstract: Aluminum matrix composites (AMCs) demonstrating a good combination of properties that are hard to acquire by a monolithic aluminum material. Since the last few decades, investigators have shown their keen interest to advance these materials for complex applications. Homogeneous reinforcement distribution, defect-free microstructure, and improved resultant properties depends on the fabrication method along with matrix and reinforcement materials and size. Two-step melt stirring technique and K2TiF6 flux enhanced the wettability and improve the particle distribution of boron carbide (B4C) in AMCs. The mechanical properties of the AMCs were enriched by either extrusion process or thermal treatment. Hybrid composites exhibited better characteristics than mono composites. Surface composites manufactured by incorporation of reinforcement in the surface layer; offer good surface properties without losing toughness and ductility. The B4C-Al interfacial reactions produce different precipitates in AMCs and damaged the composite’s age-hardening ability. B4C reinforced friction stir processed surface composites exhibits refined structure and better properties compared to the aluminum matrix. The strength, hardness, and wear resistance of AMCs increased with rising fraction and reducing the size of B4C up to a certain level. Wear rate increases with rising applied load, sliding time and speed. A review of effect of B4C reinforcement on different properties of mono and hybrid AMCs with summarized results attained and concluded by different investigators is presented in this paper to help researchers in the field. At the end of this paper a position given to conclusions and future directions.
Keywords: Aluminum Matrix, B4C, Composites, Reinforcement.
Scope of the Article: Composite Materials