Dystopia of Transhumanism in the Context of General Eschatology
Gleb D. Leontyev1, Vladimir I. Kurashov2
1Gleb D. Leontyev, Kazan Federal University, Institute of Philosophy, Social Sciences and Mass Communication, Russia, Kazan National Research Technological University, Russia.
2Vladimir I. Kurashov, Kazan National Research Technological University, Russia
Manuscript received on October 14, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 26 October, 2019. | Manuscript published on November 10, 2019. | PP: 5176-5179 | Volume-9 Issue-1, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: 10.35940/ijitee.A9225.119119 | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.A3912.119119
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: They analyzed the socio-anthropological essence of nano-, bio-, info-, cogno- (NBIC) convergence process and the concept of transhumanism. The general contours of the “ideal”, transhuman, convergent-technological future are examined on the basis of the concept of “general eschatology”, which made it possible to justify the presence of humanitarian threats and risks, their prolongation from the present to the future and dystopic deepening in the convergent process of “trans-transition”. Dystopic trends with the opportunity to be implemented in practice are the following ones: loss of individual uniqueness; fading of the moral principle; technological inequality and socio-stratification polarization; social manageability based on interference in human nature; consequences of total control over consciousness in the field of rights and freedoms. The eschatological approach reveals the essential difference between the concepts of “humanism” and “transhumanism” in terms of human values: the preservation of the human in a person or its overcoming through NBIC- “reformatting” of a person. The dominance of the managerial approach in the organization of science affects the process of scientific activity self-organization, transforms the natural convergence process of sciences and technologies, giving rise to moral, financial, and corporate deviations. Technological opportunities produced by the modern era testify to the multivariance of prognostic vision forms of the future, the relevance of the philosophical, methodological, humanitarian examination of “breakthrough technologies” to preserve humanity.
Keywords: Dystopia, Humanism, Transhumanism, NBIC Convergence, General Eschatology, Technology, Social Risks.
Scope of the Article: Social Sciences