An Efficient Utilization of Robotics and IoT to Overcome Threats of Pesticides
Araso Taye Waktola1, J. Saravanan2, B. Annapurna3, Raushan Kumar Singh4

1Mr. Araso Taye Waktola, Head, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Bule Hora University, Ethiopia.

2Mr. J. Saravanan, Lecturer, Bule Hora University, Ethiopia.

3Dr. B. Annapurna, Associate Professor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Aditya College of Engineering, Surampalem, East Godavari (A.P), India.

4Mr. Raushan Kumar Singh, Technical Director, Spectrum Solutions, Pondicherry (Tamil Nadu), India.

Manuscript received on 25 November 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 13 December 2019 | Manuscript Published on 30 December 2019 | PP: 411-415 | Volume-9 Issue-2S3 December 2019 | Retrieval Number: B11011292S319/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.B1101.1292S319

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Abstract: Agriculture is the most important occupation all over the world. At the global level, the crops produced get damaged by pests and pathogens by 10 to 40 per cent. If the proper pesticides are not used this data can reach up to 70-90% which can cause severe food crisis and all economy might crash. To overcome the situation the immediate solution is the pesticides. Pesticides were used to reduce the damage of crops to much extent. The use of pesticides now created a new problem i.e. cancer in farmers. Pesticides are nothing but a combination of hundreds of synthetic and natural chemicals. All over the world mainly three chemicals are used as pesticides lindane, arsenic and ethylene oxide. These are the topmost chemicals categorized as carcinogens as stated by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Whenever farmers use the pesticides in any form irrespective of what they use as precaution majors some amount of pesticides comes in contact with the farmer. The protective gears like masks, gloves, shoes and glasses can protect the pesticides coming in contact with the human but 100% stoppage is impossible to second problems is the farmers mostly avoid the usage of protective gears due to its cost and the uneasy feeling to wear it during the work. We plan to create a hybrid system. If IoT and Robotics to overcome the above-stated problem our robot is equipped with the sprayer and mobile phone controlled navigation system. It can show its locations on Google map as well. Farmers can operate the robot from a safer distance. They can spray the pesticides and at the same time upload all the data logs of the IoT cloud server. The time of robots started how many time and for how much time the pesticides were sprayed can be monitored from any remote location throughout the world. This solves the problem of farmers coming in contact with pesticides as well as online monitoring of work done efficiently. The robotics system operates over Atmega 328p Pu microcontroller and IoT system over ESP8266 module of Wi-Fi-based internet system.

Keywords: Carcinogens Lindane, Arsenic, Ethylene Oxide, IARC.
Scope of the Article: Robotics and Control