Preparation of Activated Carbon from the Stem of the Natural Plant Vitex Negundo and Evaluation of Their Physical and Chemical Properties
A. Arun Kumar1, T. Chandra Sekaran2, K. Riaz Ahamed3
1A.Arun Kumar, P.G Research, Department of Chemistry, Jamal Mohamed College Autonomous, Tiruchirappalli (Tamil Nadu), India. India.
2T.Chandra Sekaran, P.G Research, Department of Chemistry, Jamal Mohamed College Autonomous, Tiruchirappalli (Tamil Nadu), India. India.
3K.Riaz Ahamed, P.G Research, Department of Chemistry, Jamal Mohamed College Autonomous, Tiruchirappalli (Tamil Nadu), India.
Manuscript received on 10 July 2014 | Revised Manuscript received on 20 July 2014 | Manuscript Published on 30 July 2014 | PP: 1-6 | Volume-4 Issue-2, July 2014 | Retrieval Number: B1714074214/14©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The powdered activated carbon was prepared from Vitex negundo stem agricultural waste, carbonization was done at 400°C and the chemical activation was carried out using various dehydrating agent such as H2SO4, H3PO4, ZnCl2 , and KOH and activation process was carried out at 6000C for five hours and allowed cool at room temperature for four hours. The materials were grained and sieved with four different sizes 53µ, 106µ, 300µ and 500µ. The aforesaid particle size 53µ was taken to further studies such as physico-chemical parameters. The characteristic parameters were then compared with commercial activated carbon value. The instrumentation analysis such as Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), scanning electron microscope (SEM) were performed to determine the surface morphology of prepared adsorbent.
Keywords: Activated Carbon, Chemical Activation, Characterization, FTIR, SEM. BET.
Scope of the Article: Bio-Science and Bio-Technology