Economic Analysis on Design of a Simple Hydraulic Reaction Type Turbine for Low-Head Low-Flow Pico Hydro
M. F. Basar1, N. A. M. Rais2, F. S. M. Hassan3, K. A. Ibrahim4, K. Sopian5
1Mohd Farriz Basar*, Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technology, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Durian Tunggal, Malaysia.
2Nurul Ashikin Bt Mohd Rais, Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technology, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Durian Tunggal, Malaysia.
3Fatin Syakira Bt Mohd Hassan, Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technology, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Durian Tunggal, Malaysia.
4Khairul Anwar B Ibrahim, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Durian Tunggal, Malaysia.
5Kamaruzzaman B Sopian, Solar Energy Research Institute, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi Malaysia.
Manuscript received on November 16, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 25 November, 2019. | Manuscript published on December 10, 2019. | PP: 3976-3980 | Volume-9 Issue-2, December 2019. | Retrieval Number: B7257129219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.B7257.129219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to establish a techno-economic analysis on the design of a new Z-Blade turbine focusing on problems of costing and manufacturing process which focus on a low-head and low-flow pico hydro. Pico hydro generation system with a capacity less than 5kw has been gaining increasing attention as preferred methods of clean power generation. Accordingly, the design and operating procedures as well as economic analysis for a Z-Blade reaction type turbine are described in detail. Furthermore, the constructive analysis of the literature on the simple reaction type water turbine are discuss through quantitative summarization, classification, costing and comparison. In this paper also, will re-evaluated the manufacturing process of the SRT and CPT based on techno-economic analysis and the disadvantages of both turbines are identified. Meanwhile, the additional features of Z-Blade will be investigated under low-head low-flow water resources with simple geometrical design and low fabrication cost. Ideally, this hydro generation system is inexpensive and has a simple fabrication method with costing estimation at only USD76, which comprises 7.6% of total cost of hydro-electric installation and capable of producing mechanical power up to 115W under low-head and low-flow water resources.
Keywords: Low-flow, Low-Head, Pico-hydro, Reaction Turbine, Techno-Economic, SRT, CPT.
Scope of the Article: Hydraulic Engineering