Sound Absorption Measurements of Bio-Sourced Esparto-Fibres : Effect of the Compression
Said Bousshine1, Ayoub Boubel2, Mohammed Garoum3, Adil Ammar4
1Said Bousshine*, Mohammed V University in Rabat, Materials, Energy and Acoustics TEAM, Morocco.
2Ayoub Boubel, Mohammed V University in Rabat, Materials, Energy and Acoustics Team, Morocco.
3Mohammed Garoum, Mohammed V University in Rabat, Materials, Energy and Acoustics Team, Morocco.
4Adil Ammar, Mohammed V University in Rabat, Materials, Energy and Acoustics Team, Morocco.
Manuscript received on November 15, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 26 November, 2019. | Manuscript published on December 10, 2019. | PP: 1827-1832 | Volume-9 Issue-2, December 2019. | Retrieval Number: B7592129219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.B7592.129219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The use of absorbent materials such as fibrous materials is considered as an innovative solution to solve noise problems. The purpose of this research paper is to study the acoustic absorption of a new bio-sourced fibrous material called “Alfa fibers”, in order to use it as an absorbent material to reduce reverberation time in the building construction domain (theatre, cinema, conference room, …). For that, a set of 36 samples was designed and prepared for different thicknesses and different densities in order to evaluate the effect of thickness variation and density variation on sound absorption performance. An experimental study was carried out to measure the sound absorption coefficient at normal incidence, using the ISO 10534-2 standard method known as two-microphone transfer function method. All tests were performed in a Kundt tube with a diameter of 10 cm, in the frequency range (50-1600 Hz). These measurements show that the absorption coefficient can reach a value of 0.9 around 1000 Hz. The experimental results clearly show that sound absorption improves when the thickness of the samples increases, or when the density increases to an optimal value of 300Kg/m3 from which absorption performance begins to decrease. At low frequencies, sound absorption can be improved by creating an air gap between the sample and the rigid bottom.
Keywords: Alfa-fibers, thicknesses, densities, acoustic absorption.
Scope of the Article: Bio-Science and Bio-Technology