Smart Pollution Monitoring, Alert and Control System using IoT
Ajay Kumar Badhan1, Kalyani Sunkara2

1Ajay Kumar Badhan*, Department of Information Technology, Vignan’s Institute of Engineering for Women, Visakhapatnam, India.
2S. Kalyani, Department of Information Technology, Vignan’s Institute of Engineering for Women, Visakhapatnam, India. 

Manuscript received on November 15, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 20 November, 2019. | Manuscript published on December 10, 2019. | PP: 1929-1935 | Volume-9 Issue-2, December 2019. | Retrieval Number: B7839129219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.B7839.129219
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Abstract: One of the most important issues relating to the environment is Air Pollution. This is because it does not solely harm the environment in various ways such as ozone layer depletion, global warming but additionally affects the living beings adversely inflicting various health-related problems. The major contributors to Air Pollution apart from industries are vehicles. So, to observe and scale back air pollutants emitted from vehicles this paper proposes a design to develop a smart pollution monitoring system using IoT for detecting the over polluting vehicles. A semi-conductor sensor known as mq2 sensor is integrated with Arduino Uno and it is placed at the emission outlet of vehicle from where the smoke is emitted. The mq2 senor senses the different pollutants emitted from the vehicle and takes the reading of it. It is then compared with the pre-specified threshold value which is already programmed in Arduino Uno. Once the pollution level shoots on the far side beyond the set threshold level, various sorts of warnings such as textual warnings such as messages and, visual warning using LED are fabricated to point that the limit has been breached. Apart from it, if the owner of the vehicle is not taking necessary precaution then a message will be delivered to the traffic control office using GSM along with the GPS location including latitude and longitude values of the vehicle and will impose a fine on the owner of the vehicle as per traffic norms and may also cease the vehicle. This paper, when implemented in real time will be beneficial for the society as it is very economical and yields good result for measuring the air pollution mostly in urban areas. 
Keywords: Air Pollution, Buzzer, Led Light, GPS, GSM, Sensor.
Scope of the Article: Wireless ad hoc & Sensor Networks